Oguri Hangan

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Oguri Hangan 小栗判官
「小栗の判官」「おぐり判官」 - - - - - Okuri 「をくりの判官」「をくり」「おくり」

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Legend of Hangan Oguri
A long time ago,the Oguri clan built a castle in Hitachi (present-day Kyowa,Makabe-gun, Ibaraki).
According to "Kamakura Daizoshi", Oguri allied with Uesugi when Shuzen Uesugi rebelled some 600 years ago (1415) in Kanto, only to be defeated by Mochiuji Ashikaga.
Mitsushige, Lord of Oguri Castle, and his son Sukeshige (Hangan Oguri) fled for Migawa where the Oguri clan lived.
While hiding in Sugami, Oguri was poisoned by thieves at Gongen-do Temple.

Healed by the Tsuboyu Waters of Yunomine

However, he was saved by a maiden named Terute 照手姫. He then fled to Fujisawa on an unbroken horse where he was aided by the Priest Yugyo. Later,Oguri became ill, but with the guidance of Yugyo and the sympathy of many including Terute, he made a pilgrimage to Kumano where the protection of Deities and the healing waters of Yunomine nursed him back to health.
Oguri was the 15th Lord of the Oguri Castle,but was ultimately killed in battle against Nariuji Ashikaga.
It is believed that a shrine maiden from Oguri's home country of Hitachi created the heroic epic to console the spirit of the ruined Oguri clan. From historical fact,the story became legend and was ultimately told time and time again.
- source : hongu.jp/en/kumano-kodo -

Yunomine Onsen 湯の峰温泉 and Oguri Hangan - 和歌山県 Wakayama is a related location.
熊野市 Kumano
The samurai 小栗判官 Oguri Hangan had been given poison by his enemies and turned almost into a gaki 餓鬼 hungry demon. Yakushi Nyorai appeared in his dream and told him to go to Yunomine Hot Spring to be healed.

. Yakushi Onsen 薬師温泉 Hot Springs and Yakushi Nyorai .


藤沢市遊行寺(清浄光寺 Jojoko-Ji)長生院 Chosei-In
Fujizawa 藤沢市

Temple hall in honor of Oguri 小栗堂

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Fujisawa: Oguri Hangan
from the series Fifty-three Pairings for the Tôkaidô Road (Tôkaidô gojûsantsgui)
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA


source : wikiart.org

Oguri Hangan Sukeshige and Yamasaki - by Utagawa Sadatora
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA


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Kabuki - Tôryû Oguri Hangan
Oguri Hangan Daisukeshige (1398 - 1464)
was the son of a provincial lord who had been dispossessed of his estates by the Ashikaga clan. He led an extremely adventurous life when young, but eventually settled down and led a quiet life. He was famous for his horsemanship and was reputed to be able to make a horse stand with all four hooves on a goban. A legend was born, related to Hangan's real adventures. This legend has all the elements of great myth and is one of the great classics of Sekkyô music, narrative singing telling Buddhist stories of miracles and tragedies.
In the original legend, Oguri was born to an aristocratic family in Kyôto, only to be driven from his home. He wandered through the country, finally ending up at the mansion of a man named Daizen in Hitachi, one of the distant provinces in the east. Daizen's daughter Terute fell in love with Oguri, but Daizen first tries to kill him with a wild horse, then with poisoned wine. In the end, he ends up horribly deformed and half-dead, already almost part of the world beyond. But people faithfully believing in a miracle and believing that pulling this cart will bring them great merit pull him on a cart. Finally, he reaches a waterfall in the sacred land of Kumano and is restored to life.
Oguri Hangan and his betrothed Princess Terute became the heroes of many Kabuki or puppet theater dramas.
Here is a short list of the most famous ones: (- snip - )

- - - - - Oguri Hangan and Princess Terute flying over the audience

The hero Oguri sets out to find out the true story behind the suspicious suicide of the father of his fiancee, Princess Terute, and to find stolen family heirlooms. His enemies intend to use against him his pride in his horse-handling skills by getting him to try and tame a savage, man-eating horse. They expect him to be killed in the attempt, but instead he completely masters the horse and has it stand on its rear legs on a go board, before making his escape.

The fisherman Namishichi, who is Oguri's former retainer, hides Princess Terute in his house, but she is abducted by his corrupt brother-in-law. He follows in pursuit but cannot stop the princess being taken away by boat. He decides to forfeit his life in return for the safety of the princess and commits seppuku by the sea. A river of blood flows from Namishichi's belly. The dragon gods hear his plea and the winds blow the princess's boat back to shore. Namishichi and his brother-in-law come to final blows, and the last we see of Namishichi is his lifeless body spread-eagled upside down on the side of a cliff.

In pursuit of his fiancee and family heirlooms, Oguri has made his way to a manor house in the countryside where he has promised to marry the daughter in return for getting the heirlooms. But Princess Terute has been washed ashore nearby and has obtained work as a maid in the house. She and Oguri are reunited, and Oguri breaks off the engagement with the daughter. However, she is besotted with Oguri and refuses to give him up despite her mother's strenuous pleading. When the daughter seeks to murder Terute, the mother sees she has no alternative but to kill her own daughter. Yet, even after the murder, the daughter's ghost returns to bring revenge, and Oguri is afflicted with lameness and horrible facial scarring. Terute takes Oguri on a cart to a shrine on Kumano where the local saint is able to produce Oguri's healing. The horse painting on the shrine wall comes to life and Oguri and Terute fly off (over the heads of the audience) to confront their enemies and restore their fortunes.
- - - - - Courtesy of Jean Wilson (1997)

It is a custom for actors about to perform in an oguri-hanganmono to go to pray in front of the tombstone of Oguri Hangan, which is located in the precincts of a temple in the city of Fujisawa (Kanagawa prefecture).
- source : kabuki21.com/oguri_hangan -


Matsuri 小栗判官まつり Oguri Hangan Festival
Chikusei Town 筑西市, Ibaraki

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The festival, which began in 1989, recreates the story of Oguri-Hangan, and is held annually on the first Sunday in December. Aiming at revitalization of the town, several events are carried out at the site; local precuts market, musical performances, try-out booths and snack bars. Every year, more than 20,000 people visit the festival.

The highlight of the festival is the Musha-Gyoretsu (warrior procession). Oguri-Hangan mounted on a horse strolls along JR Niihari Station Street, accompanied by more than 300 costumed people, including Terute-Hime, maids, Hangan’s ten brave warriors and child warriors. Performers of traditional entertainment such as Oguri Dai-dai Kagura, Chigyo Yagibushi, Mikoshi, and Furusato Taiko of Hitachi join the procession, and excitement over the festival heats up. The street along which the procession passes is crowded with thousands of people, as the festival reaches a crescendo.
- source : city.chikusei.lg.jp-

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Oguri hangan ichidaiki:
Tales of the samurai : Oguri hangwan ichidaiki, being the story of the lives, the adventures, and the misadventures of the Hangwan-dai Kojirō Sukeshige and Terute-hime, his wife
/ a redaction from the kōdan and chronicles of the Japanese originals
by James S. de Benneville.
- source : catalog.hathitrust.org


- - - - - H A I K U - - - - -

kumo no i no yudono ya Oguri Hangan

the bath
surrounded by spider webs - Oguri

佐々木六戈 Sasaki Rokka (1955 - )


- Reference - Japanese -

- Reference - English -

. Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets .

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